Luristan bronze daggers - Iran, circa 9th-7th Century BC
One with flanged hilt still holding the remains of a wood inlay, terminating in an openwork cage-pommel; another with long triangular blade and penannular guard; and three examples with flanged hilt and fan-shaped knob.
In the 3rd and 4th millennium BC, migrant tribes settled down in the mountainous area of the Zagros Mountains of Iran. The Kassites, an ancient people who spoke neither an Indo-European nor a Semitic language, originated in Luristan (aka Lorestan).
Luristan was invaded and settled by the Iranian Medes in the 2nd millennium BC. The Medes absorbed the indigenous inhabitants of the region, primarily the Elamites and Kassites, by the time the area was conquered by the Persians in the 1st millennium BC. Luristan was successfully integrated into the Achaemenid, Parthian and Sassanian empires.
Okay I’m not even a Star Trek fan but that’s beautiful.
god I know how pretentious this sounds but every time I scroll through my newsfeed on Facebook I am just appalled by the stupidity of everyone in the world
A great way to figure out character motivation is to ask your character what they need. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs explains that you need to fulfill certain basic needs before you can move onto the next stage of the pyramid. Once you have food, water, shelter, and warmth—you can move onto finding ways to fulfill your safety needs. I do not personally believe that having everything on the chart ultimately leads to happiness because there are other factors, but it shows that you’ll always want SOMETHING. Human beings are rarely satisfied with what they have and they are usually always trying to improve their situations in some way. There’s nothing wrong with this and it helps explain where your characters and story might be going.
Picking some of these things that your character will need will help your readers relate to and understand your characters. You won’t necessarily have to explain why your character wants these things because these needs are things that mostly everyone wants. Make sure your characters basic needs are met before they start focusing on other things. Think about The Hunger Games, for example. Katniss couldn’t worry about who might be tracking her or trying to kill her during the games UNTIL she found water, food, and shelter. After she fulfilled those basic needs, she was much better at figuring out what her next step should be.
If you’re unsure about what your character needs, try using this list:
Does your character have food, water, shelter, nourishment, health, safety, movement, air, and rest? These are some basic things your character would need in order to focus on something else. These are some of the most pressing issues your character could face.
Does your character have order, protection, stability, peace, trust, choice, power, security, and structure? These things help ensure that your character’s life isn’t spiraling out of control. They might not have comfort is they don’t have these things. A lot of conflict comes from these basic human needs. If a character doesn’t have stability, they might feel like they’re going crazy. Many people search for structure and security if they don’t have it.
Does your character have joy, relaxation, pleasure, acceptance, self-expression, respect, and understanding? Many characters struggle from not having the ability to pursue what makes them happy. They also feel confined if they’re not accepted or understood. A lot of conflict can come from these issues. For example, if a character doesn’t feel respected, they might want to do something to gain respect. They might want to prove themselves in some way. This could lead to a journey.
Does your character have friendship, companionship, intimacy, love, support, and community? These things can be described in different ways, but they mostly mean your character needs to belong somewhere. Focusing on friendship and love or a lack of any of those things could be motivation for your character. Maybe they feel alone and they want to fix it.
Does your character have growth, self-acceptance, self-awareness, learning, and discovery? A character being able to understand who they are is very important. This is why many characters go on journeys to find themselves in some way. Not being able to accept yourself can cause a lot of conflict and tension.
There are many needs that haven’t been explored in this post, but this should help you understand what I’m talking about. Basic human needs are often overlooked as motivational factors for characters. Your character does not need a big epic goal to be interesting. Focus on what your character needs to feel safe and whole and try to use those as motivation.